While the news of being pregnant is considered good news but the early pregnancy complications connected to it are not considered a happy piece of news. While being pregnant a woman goes through a lot of different pregnancy complications like severe pain, gestational diabetes, increase in glucose level, vomiting, etc.
There are several women who face the problem of diabetes during their pregnancy that too without the history of being diabetic in the past. Every year around 5% to 10% of pregnant women in the United States are affected by diabetes during pregnancy of which around 7% of women face severe complications.
Some women develop high blood sugar levels resulting in a health condition known as gestational diabetes. It is a type of diabetes that is and can be developed in women when the body fails to make enough insulin during the pregnancy due to high blood glucose levels. Gestational diabetes has two types class A1 and class A2. Class A1 is considered to be managed by diet and exercise whereas class A2 is considered to be managed by insulin intake and other medications.
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Risk Factors Responsible for Gestational Diabetes
The accurate risk factors responsible for gestational diabetes are yet not discovered accurately but the other common risk factors are:
Age: Women with the age of 25 or above are considered to develop gestational diabetes more often.
Weight: A woman with more weight is at more risk of attracting gestational diabetes.
Family history: Gestational diabetes can also occur if someone else in the family is a patient of Type 1, Type 2, or gestational diabetes.
Prediabetes: A woman with a history of prediabetes is considered to be more at risk of gestational diabetes. It is advised to visit a doctor regularly and get your sugar checked.
Previous pregnancy: A previous pregnancy with gestational diabetes can be always a major cause of you developing gestational diabetes during your pregnancy.
Ethnicity: Certain ethnic groups like African Americans, Asian Americans, Latinos are considered more to have gestational diabetes.
What are the Symptoms of Gestational Diabetes?
The symptoms of gestational diabetes are visible only if you pay proper attention to the changes in your body. A woman with gestational diabetes does not have noticeable signs and symptoms but the most common symptoms if covered or asked are being thirsty than usual, eating more than usual, and urinating more.
Complications attached to Gestational Diabetes that may affect you and your baby
Complications that affect you: Gestational diabetes results in health issues like increased blood pressure, preeclampsia, having surgery, lifetime future diabetes.
Complications that would affect your baby: If a mother is a gestational diabetic the risk of health issues arising and affecting your baby can be excessive birth weight, preterm birth, breathing problems, low blood sugar, stillbirth, and others.
Tests and Diagnosis
Gestational diabetes is generally tested by a glucose tolerance test in which a woman is supposed to drink glucose in a sweet drink and then appear for the test. If the results are positive you can maintain your diet and exercise. As shared by the best obstetrics and gynecology in dubai Dr. Elsa, gestational diabetes goes away after you give birth but has the capability to affect mom’s and child’s health