• Mother's Love: A mother carrying her child in Patan with the little eyes filled with innocence. ❤
    Mother's Love: A mother carrying her child in Patan with the little eyes filled with innocence. ❤
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  • Hauz Khas Escorts is the combination of happy occasions and each act and head heels destinations are carrying back to be adored by you. 9871368411
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    Hauz Khas Escorts is the combination of happy occasions and each act and head heels destinations are carrying back to be adored by you. 9871368411 Visit: https://www.ncrcallgirls.com/hauz-khas-escorts.html Visit: https://riya10351.wixsite.com/cheapdelhiescorts
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  • 05 DAYS #GHOREPANI#POONHILL #TREK
    This trek to north of Pokhara is known as a beautiful Annapurna Trek (Ghorepani Trek) with the magnificent Himalayan view sighted from the top of Poon Hill. The Poon Hill (3210M) is one of the best points for a camera to catch the Panoramic Himalaya; including Machhapuchhre,(Fish Tail)(6997M) Annapurna South (7219M), Dhaulagiri (8171M) Gurja Peak (7193M), Dhaulagiri IV (7661M), Dhaulagiri 5 (7618M), Dhaulagiri 3 (7715M), Dhaulagiri 2 (7751M), Tukche Peak (6920M), Dhampus Pass (5258M),Dhampus peak (6012M),Nilgiri (7061M),Annapurna I (8091M), Hiunchuli (6441M), and Gangapurna (7455M),
    QUICK LOOK:

    STARTING/ENDING: POKHARA/POKHARA
    GRADE: EASY TO MODERATE
    PHYSICAL RATING:
    HIGHEST ACCESS POINT: 3210M (POON HILL)
    CULTURE: GURUNG, MAGAR
    HIMALAYAN SIGHTS: DHAULAGIRI, FISHTAIL, ANNAPURNA RANGE, MANASLU, NILGIRI ETC
    MOST ATTRACTION: CLOSE MOUNTAIN VIEW, VILLAGES


    DETAILS LOOK:
    DAY: 1 POKHARA DRIVE TO NAYAPUL - TREK TO TIKHEDHUNGA [1540M]
    A scenic 1 hour drive from Pokhara takes us to the starting point of our trek. Crossing the suspension bridge over the Modi Khola River, we ascend slowly through terraced fields and classic mountain villages. Along the way we will encounter mule or goat caravans carrying supplies to the mountains, heralded by the musical bells they wear. The stunning peaks of Machhapuchare and Annapurna peaking over the green ridges will greet us from time to time as we continue up to Tikhredhunga.

    DAY 2: TREK FROM TIKHEDHUNGA TO GHOREPANI [2775M]
    Today begins with a real heart-starter! We have a steep ascent to get us going and then a more gradual uphill walk takes us to our camp at Ghorepani. We will pass through some delightful villages and the beautiful, dense rhododendron forest so characteristic of Nepal at these altitudes! If the weather is clear we will see stunning mountain views from Ghorepani, making the climb well worth it! At Gorepani, we are on the main Annapurna Circuit route and there are likely to be lots of travellers passing through this ridge-top settlement in both directions. Ghorepani literally means "horse water" and is a popular stopping place for the mule trains which ply the route from Pokhara to Jomsom and beyond. The impressive peak which can be seen across the broad valley of the Kali Gandaki to the northwest is Dhaulagiri.

    DAY 3: SUNRISE AT POON HILL (3200M) – TREK TO TADAPANI [2650M]
    It is an absolute must for those who stay at Ghorepani to make the walk up to the celebrated view point of Poon Hill [3195m], which overlooks the village. Dawn is the best time to go so we arrange a wake up call for 5 am and head up the well marked track by torchlight. The first light of dawn illuminates Dhaulagiri and Tukuche Peak with a surreal pink glow.
    You may be able to buy coffee and breakfast from an enterprising local who has carried his produce up to Poon Hill to take advantage of the morning trade. Otherwise, we return to Ghorepani for breakfast, before trekking on to Tadapani through rhododendron forest. If we are lucky we will see some wild animals, such as langur monkeys climbing through the trees. There are excellent views of Annapurna South, Hiunchuli and Machhapuchhare from Tadapani.

    DAY 4: TADAPANI TREK TO GHANDRUK [1950M]
    From Tadapani the trail descends through beautiful forests to Ghandruk, which is a stunning village of Gurung people, one of Nepal’s most famous ethnic groups, known for their distinctive dialect, culture, costume, and life style. Ghandruk is also home to many soldiers from the famous Gurkha regiments. From here we can have stunning views of Annapurna South, Hiunchuli, Gangapurna, Annapurna III and Fishtail.

    DAY 05: GHANDRUK TREK TO NAYAPUL AND DRIVE TO POKHARA
    We can enjoy a final down hill walk through forest and villages for about 5 hrs to Nayapul. From here we drive for about 1 hour back to Pokhara where our trek ends and we can enjoy a shower and relax on this stunning lakeside town enjoying the memories!
    05 DAYS #GHOREPANI – #POONHILL #TREK This trek to north of Pokhara is known as a beautiful Annapurna Trek (Ghorepani Trek) with the magnificent Himalayan view sighted from the top of Poon Hill. The Poon Hill (3210M) is one of the best points for a camera to catch the Panoramic Himalaya; including Machhapuchhre,(Fish Tail)(6997M) Annapurna South (7219M), Dhaulagiri (8171M) Gurja Peak (7193M), Dhaulagiri IV (7661M), Dhaulagiri 5 (7618M), Dhaulagiri 3 (7715M), Dhaulagiri 2 (7751M), Tukche Peak (6920M), Dhampus Pass (5258M),Dhampus peak (6012M),Nilgiri (7061M),Annapurna I (8091M), Hiunchuli (6441M), and Gangapurna (7455M), QUICK LOOK: STARTING/ENDING: POKHARA/POKHARA GRADE: EASY TO MODERATE PHYSICAL RATING: HIGHEST ACCESS POINT: 3210M (POON HILL) CULTURE: GURUNG, MAGAR HIMALAYAN SIGHTS: DHAULAGIRI, FISHTAIL, ANNAPURNA RANGE, MANASLU, NILGIRI ETC MOST ATTRACTION: CLOSE MOUNTAIN VIEW, VILLAGES DETAILS LOOK: DAY: 1 POKHARA DRIVE TO NAYAPUL - TREK TO TIKHEDHUNGA [1540M] A scenic 1 hour drive from Pokhara takes us to the starting point of our trek. Crossing the suspension bridge over the Modi Khola River, we ascend slowly through terraced fields and classic mountain villages. Along the way we will encounter mule or goat caravans carrying supplies to the mountains, heralded by the musical bells they wear. The stunning peaks of Machhapuchare and Annapurna peaking over the green ridges will greet us from time to time as we continue up to Tikhredhunga. DAY 2: TREK FROM TIKHEDHUNGA TO GHOREPANI [2775M] Today begins with a real heart-starter! We have a steep ascent to get us going and then a more gradual uphill walk takes us to our camp at Ghorepani. We will pass through some delightful villages and the beautiful, dense rhododendron forest so characteristic of Nepal at these altitudes! If the weather is clear we will see stunning mountain views from Ghorepani, making the climb well worth it! At Gorepani, we are on the main Annapurna Circuit route and there are likely to be lots of travellers passing through this ridge-top settlement in both directions. Ghorepani literally means "horse water" and is a popular stopping place for the mule trains which ply the route from Pokhara to Jomsom and beyond. The impressive peak which can be seen across the broad valley of the Kali Gandaki to the northwest is Dhaulagiri. DAY 3: SUNRISE AT POON HILL (3200M) – TREK TO TADAPANI [2650M] It is an absolute must for those who stay at Ghorepani to make the walk up to the celebrated view point of Poon Hill [3195m], which overlooks the village. Dawn is the best time to go so we arrange a wake up call for 5 am and head up the well marked track by torchlight. The first light of dawn illuminates Dhaulagiri and Tukuche Peak with a surreal pink glow. You may be able to buy coffee and breakfast from an enterprising local who has carried his produce up to Poon Hill to take advantage of the morning trade. Otherwise, we return to Ghorepani for breakfast, before trekking on to Tadapani through rhododendron forest. If we are lucky we will see some wild animals, such as langur monkeys climbing through the trees. There are excellent views of Annapurna South, Hiunchuli and Machhapuchhare from Tadapani. DAY 4: TADAPANI TREK TO GHANDRUK [1950M] From Tadapani the trail descends through beautiful forests to Ghandruk, which is a stunning village of Gurung people, one of Nepal’s most famous ethnic groups, known for their distinctive dialect, culture, costume, and life style. Ghandruk is also home to many soldiers from the famous Gurkha regiments. From here we can have stunning views of Annapurna South, Hiunchuli, Gangapurna, Annapurna III and Fishtail. DAY 05: GHANDRUK TREK TO NAYAPUL AND DRIVE TO POKHARA We can enjoy a final down hill walk through forest and villages for about 5 hrs to Nayapul. From here we drive for about 1 hour back to Pokhara where our trek ends and we can enjoy a shower and relax on this stunning lakeside town enjoying the memories!
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  • #Bhutan #tours #donkey #carrying #loads #bhutantrip #Bhutan #information
    #Bhutan #tours #donkey #carrying #loads #bhutantrip #Bhutan #information
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  • #Carrying #big #load of #Gas #Cooking #Nepal #Everestexpeditionsnepal #Potter #Life #Hardlife #Nepal
    #Carrying #big #load of #Gas #Cooking #Nepal #Everestexpeditionsnepal #Potter #Life #Hardlife #Nepal
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  • #carrying #Potter #duffle #Bag #by #France #Guest #Mounteverest8848M #Everestnepal #esathi
    #carrying #Potter #duffle #Bag #by #France #Guest #Mounteverest8848M #Everestnepal #esathi
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  • Remembering a wrong is like carrying a burden on the mind.
    Remembering a wrong is like carrying a burden on the mind.
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  • Office.com/Setup Enter Product Key
    #Office
    #OfficeSetup
    https://newswatt.wordpress.com/office-com-setup-enter-product-key/
    The leading platform of the world driving productivity in the workplace and at home, Microsoft Office provides several applications including MS-Excel, Access, Publisher, OneNote, Word, etc which are carrying out many tasks based on computers easily and efficiently.


    Office.com/Setup Enter Product Key #Office #OfficeSetup https://newswatt.wordpress.com/office-com-setup-enter-product-key/ The leading platform of the world driving productivity in the workplace and at home, Microsoft Office provides several applications including MS-Excel, Access, Publisher, OneNote, Word, etc which are carrying out many tasks based on computers easily and efficiently.

    The leading platform of the world driving productivity in the workplace and at home, Microsoft Office provides several applications including MS-Excel, Access, Publisher, OneNote, Word, etc which are carrying out many tasks based on computers easily and efficiently. The universal software, MS Office is used by more than 1.2 billion people and most of the businesses and enterprises all over the world use it too. The interested users can seek more information regarding the features and applications of MS Office by visiting office.com/setup. The office suite of MS Office is not only easy to use but also multi-purposeful and secure from the cyber-attacks.

    For the convenience of interested users, we are providing the complete guidelines to download, install and activate MS Office. The users can follow the steps accordingly and take advantage of the application.

    Process of Downloading Microsoft Office

    The users should learn the simple steps to download MS Office and the steps for their convenience are the following:

    ● The users should go to the desired internet browser and enter the URL: office.com/Setup into the Address bar appeared.

    ● The users need to go to the homepage of the website of MS Office and search for the option of Sign in.

    ● Now, you have to click on the Sign-in option to continue the procedure.

    ● The new users have to create a fresh account and for that first of all, make a click on the option of Create a new account.

    ● Next, enter your username, mail ID and the password for the process of signing in into the account.

    ● The users will need to follow the displayed instructions for creating the account.

    ● Thereafter, the users have to look for the option of Download and make a click on it.

    ● Now, the users will be provided two options to select “Buy MS Office or Start Office Trail”.

    ● Now, make your selection between the provided options and then make a tap on the option of Continue.

    ● The users will need to wait for a few minutes until the downloading process completes.

    Process of Installing Microsoft Office

    The users will require to look for the directory path of download after completing the download process via office.com/Setup.

    ● The users will need to search the Microsoft related file with the extension .exe file on their device.

    ● After waiting for some time, a window asking for confirmation will pop out.

    ● The users will require to make a tap on the option Yes appearing on the confirmation window.

    ● The users have to wait for some time until the remaining procedure is completed by the installation prompt.

    ● Now, the users will find that the installation of the software has been completed.

    ● You will further need to make a click on the option of Close and exit from the window.

    Process of Activating Microsoft Office

    Activating a software stops unauthorized use and also enhances the performance of the software. During the activation of MS Office, the users will require Product Key which is often of 25 characters and are prompted to enter it in the browser. The users can get the Product Key through email if they have purchased it online by going to the office.com/setup. The Product Key could also be fetched on the package of the product when purchased offline through retail mode.

    After getting the Product Key the activation process is very simple for the users. The users can follow the given process:-

    ● The users will require to go to the Start menu to appear on the task bar.

    ● Now, the users will need to go to the search bar and search for the Microsoft Office applications there.

    ● You have to further make a selection from the applications such as PowerPoint, Word, Excel or Access.

    ● After, making the selection, you are required to click on the desired one and then make a click on the option of Continue to proceed.

    ● Now, the users have to click on the icon of Activation

    ● You are required to enter your email address and password to Sign in into the account.

    ● Further, you will be asked for the Product Key to fill in the space provided,

    ● Enter the required Product Key and then make a click on the option of Continue.

    ● Now, wait for a few minutes until a confirmation regarding the activation of MS Office appears to you.

    ● Your MS Office is activated and now you can quit the window.

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  • Office.com/Setup
    https://trendingbees.blogspot.com/p/officecomsetup.html
    The leading platform of the world driving productivity in the workplace and at home, Microsoft Office provides several applications including MS-Excel, Access, Publisher, OneNote, Word, etc which are carrying out many tasks based on computers easily and efficiently. The universal software, MS Office is used by more than 1.2 billion people and most of the businesses and enterprises all over the world use it too.



    Office.com/Setup https://trendingbees.blogspot.com/p/officecomsetup.html The leading platform of the world driving productivity in the workplace and at home, Microsoft Office provides several applications including MS-Excel, Access, Publisher, OneNote, Word, etc which are carrying out many tasks based on computers easily and efficiently. The universal software, MS Office is used by more than 1.2 billion people and most of the businesses and enterprises all over the world use it too.
    TRENDINGBEES.BLOGSPOT.COM
    Office.com/Setup Enter Product Key
    Create premium-looking documents with MS Office suite. Visit www.office.com/setup to download and install the latest version of MS Office.
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  • Aluminum Gravity casting
    https://www.aludiecasting.com/aluminium-die-casting/
    Resident Senior Western Management permanently monitor the development of products, projects, the manufacturing processes, the Quality Assurance and Control. By carrying out assembly operations in our own plant we can ensure the quality of complex, engineered, critical to manufacture products and protect the intellectual property of our customers. Fine blanking machinery used for Automotive components, power tool components and textile machinery components. The process of fine blanking holds very tight tolerances and sometimes can eliminate secondary operations. Materials that can be fine blanked include aluminum, brass, copper and carbon, alloy and stainless steels.
    Aluminium die casting, Die casting manufacturer, Alu die casting
    Aluminum Gravity casting https://www.aludiecasting.com/aluminium-die-casting/ Resident Senior Western Management permanently monitor the development of products, projects, the manufacturing processes, the Quality Assurance and Control. By carrying out assembly operations in our own plant we can ensure the quality of complex, engineered, critical to manufacture products and protect the intellectual property of our customers. Fine blanking machinery used for Automotive components, power tool components and textile machinery components. The process of fine blanking holds very tight tolerances and sometimes can eliminate secondary operations. Materials that can be fine blanked include aluminum, brass, copper and carbon, alloy and stainless steels. Aluminium die casting, Die casting manufacturer, Alu die casting
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  • 1. Your purpose in life
    2. Your health
    3. Your mental wellness
    4. Having more fun
    5. Carrying less stress
    6. Simplifying your life
    7. Spending time with true friends
    8. Being confident
    9. Taking chances
    10. Being grateful
    11. Reaching goals
    1. Your purpose in life 2. Your health 3. Your mental wellness 4. Having more fun 5. Carrying less stress 6. Simplifying your life 7. Spending time with true friends 8. Being confident 9. Taking chances 10. Being grateful 11. Reaching goals
    1
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  • Many communities in Nepal consider menstruating women as impure and force mothers and daughters to stay in sheds.

    Nepal: Woman, sons suffocate to death in banned 'menstrual hut'
    ASIA21 December 2018

    At least 21 killed as bus crashes in Nepal's mountainous area
    Police said the bus carrying college students and teachers drove off a highway in a mountainous area.

    At least 21 killed as bus crashes in Nepal's mountainous area
    ABUSE10 December 2018

    Nepal's children at risk: Sexual abuse in the aid sector
    Is the international aid community doing enough to protect children in vulnerable communities?

    Nepal's children at risk: Sexual abuse in the aid sector26:00
    101 EAST6 December 2018

    Nepal's Children at Risk
    Investigating rising fears that Nepal has become a target for paedophiles acting under the cover of aid work.

    Nepal's Children at Risk 26:00
    ASIA4 October 2018

    Nepal bans***** sites to curb sexual violence
    Over 24,000************ sites blocked but activists say the real problem is the lack of justice for women.

    Nepal bans***** sites to curb sexual violence
    ASIA2 October 2018

    Fears of violence as Nepal cracks down on Maoist splinter group
    Up to 100 members of Communist Party of Nepal jailed as faction blasts government's dialogue efforts.

    Fears of violence as Nepal cracks down on Maoist splinter group
    NEPAL23 September 2018

    Nepal set to double tiger population under WWF global plan
    Nepal's efforts to increase its tigers are part of a 13-country plan to double the number of tigers worldwide.

    Nepal set to double tiger population under WWF global plan
    ASIA18 September 2018

    Access to Chinese ports a 'huge deal' for Nepal
    Nepal granted access to Chinese ports in a move that will end New Delhi's monopoly over Kathmandu's trade routes.

    Nepal gets access to China ports, analysts say it's a 'huge deal'
    ASIA28 August 2018

    #justicefornirmala: anger spreads in Nepal over police 'cover-up'
    Protests continue in Nepal against alleged police mishandling in the Nirmala Panta rape and murder case.

    #justicefornirmala: anger spreads in Nepal over police 'cover-up'02:05
    NEPAL25 August 2018

    One dead in Nepal rally demanding action over teen's rape, murder
    Police fired at angry protesters in western city of Mahendranagar, killing a teenage boy and injuring dozens.

    One dead in Nepal rally demanding action over teen's rape, murder
    NEPAL22 August 2018

    Nepal urged to repeal new law over press freedom concerns
    New criminal code makes sharing confidential information an offence that deserves prison sentence.

    Nepal urged to repeal new law over press freedom concerns
    NEPAL18 August 2018

    Female activists in Nepal call for equality on citizenship bill
    The proposed bill would could women to have a Nepalese husband to pass on their citizenship to their children.

    Female activists in Nepal call for equality on citizenship bill02:21
    ARTS & CULTURE22 July 2018

    Nepal's stolen gods
    Since the 1980s, authorities estimate thieves have plundered tens of thousands of Nepalese antiquities.

    Nepal's stolen gods
    101 EAST19 July 2018

    Nepal: The Great Plunder
    Investigating how antiquities stolen from the Himalayas end up in museums and private collections around the world.

    Nepal: The Great Plunder 26:00
    Show More
    OPINION
    C K Lal
    After a year of elections, Nepal moves closer to China
    by C K Lal
    Narayan Adhikari
    Nepal's earthquake disaster: Two years and $4.1bn later
    by Narayan Adhikari
    Deepak Adhikari
    The case against: Can journalists be activists?
    by Deepak Adhikari
    Anurag Acharya
    Nepal: A costly constitution
    by Anurag Acharya

    IN-DEPTH
    Climate change threatens 1,000-year-old monastery in remote Nepal
    GLOBAL WARMING
    Climate change threatens 1,000-year-old monastery in remote Nepal
    Nepal's children at risk: Sexual abuse in the aid sector
    ABUSE
    Nepal's children at risk: Sexual abuse in the aid sector
    Fears of violence as Nepal cracks down on Maoist splinter group
    ASIA
    Fears of violence as Nepal cracks down on Maoist splinter group
    Nepal gets access to China ports, analysts say it's a 'huge deal'
    ASIA
    Access to Chinese ports a 'huge deal' for Nepal
    Al Jazeera
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    Many communities in Nepal consider menstruating women as impure and force mothers and daughters to stay in sheds. Nepal: Woman, sons suffocate to death in banned 'menstrual hut' ASIA21 December 2018 At least 21 killed as bus crashes in Nepal's mountainous area Police said the bus carrying college students and teachers drove off a highway in a mountainous area. At least 21 killed as bus crashes in Nepal's mountainous area ABUSE10 December 2018 Nepal's children at risk: Sexual abuse in the aid sector Is the international aid community doing enough to protect children in vulnerable communities? Nepal's children at risk: Sexual abuse in the aid sector26:00 101 EAST6 December 2018 Nepal's Children at Risk Investigating rising fears that Nepal has become a target for paedophiles acting under the cover of aid work. Nepal's Children at Risk 26:00 ASIA4 October 2018 Nepal bans porn sites to curb sexual violence Over 24,000 pornography sites blocked but activists say the real problem is the lack of justice for women. Nepal bans porn sites to curb sexual violence ASIA2 October 2018 Fears of violence as Nepal cracks down on Maoist splinter group Up to 100 members of Communist Party of Nepal jailed as faction blasts government's dialogue efforts. Fears of violence as Nepal cracks down on Maoist splinter group NEPAL23 September 2018 Nepal set to double tiger population under WWF global plan Nepal's efforts to increase its tigers are part of a 13-country plan to double the number of tigers worldwide. Nepal set to double tiger population under WWF global plan ASIA18 September 2018 Access to Chinese ports a 'huge deal' for Nepal Nepal granted access to Chinese ports in a move that will end New Delhi's monopoly over Kathmandu's trade routes. Nepal gets access to China ports, analysts say it's a 'huge deal' ASIA28 August 2018 #justicefornirmala: anger spreads in Nepal over police 'cover-up' Protests continue in Nepal against alleged police mishandling in the Nirmala Panta rape and murder case. #justicefornirmala: anger spreads in Nepal over police 'cover-up'02:05 NEPAL25 August 2018 One dead in Nepal rally demanding action over teen's rape, murder Police fired at angry protesters in western city of Mahendranagar, killing a teenage boy and injuring dozens. One dead in Nepal rally demanding action over teen's rape, murder NEPAL22 August 2018 Nepal urged to repeal new law over press freedom concerns New criminal code makes sharing confidential information an offence that deserves prison sentence. Nepal urged to repeal new law over press freedom concerns NEPAL18 August 2018 Female activists in Nepal call for equality on citizenship bill The proposed bill would could women to have a Nepalese husband to pass on their citizenship to their children. Female activists in Nepal call for equality on citizenship bill02:21 ARTS & CULTURE22 July 2018 Nepal's stolen gods Since the 1980s, authorities estimate thieves have plundered tens of thousands of Nepalese antiquities. Nepal's stolen gods 101 EAST19 July 2018 Nepal: The Great Plunder Investigating how antiquities stolen from the Himalayas end up in museums and private collections around the world. Nepal: The Great Plunder 26:00 Show More OPINION C K Lal After a year of elections, Nepal moves closer to China by C K Lal Narayan Adhikari Nepal's earthquake disaster: Two years and $4.1bn later by Narayan Adhikari Deepak Adhikari The case against: Can journalists be activists? by Deepak Adhikari Anurag Acharya Nepal: A costly constitution by Anurag Acharya IN-DEPTH Climate change threatens 1,000-year-old monastery in remote Nepal GLOBAL WARMING Climate change threatens 1,000-year-old monastery in remote Nepal Nepal's children at risk: Sexual abuse in the aid sector ABUSE Nepal's children at risk: Sexual abuse in the aid sector Fears of violence as Nepal cracks down on Maoist splinter group ASIA Fears of violence as Nepal cracks down on Maoist splinter group Nepal gets access to China ports, analysts say it's a 'huge deal' ASIA Access to Chinese ports a 'huge deal' for Nepal Al Jazeera Facebook Twitter Google+ RSS Podcast YouTube About About Us Press Office Awards Code of Ethics Terms and Conditions Privacy Policy Cookie Policy Cookie Preferences Community Guidelines Work for us HR Quality Connect Contact Us Apps Social Channel Finder TV Schedule Podcasts Newsletter Submit a Tip Our Channels Al Jazeera Arabic Al Jazeera English Al Jazeera Mubasher Al Jazeera Documentary Al Jazeera Balkans AJ+ Our Network Jetty Al Jazeera Centre for Studies Al Jazeera Media Institute Learn Arabic Al Jazeera Centre for Public Liberties & Human Rights Al Jazeera Forum Al Jazeera Film Festival Al Jazeera Hotel Partners © 2019 Al Jazeera Media Network
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  • Project Data Sheet
    Project Name
    Melamchi Water Supply Project
    Project Number
    31624-023
    Country
    Nepal
    Project Status
    Active
    Project Type / Modality of Assistance
    Loan
    Source of Funding / Amount
    Loan 1820-NEP: Melamchi Water Supply Project
    concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund
    US$ 120.00 million
    Loan 8191-NEP: Melamchi Water Supply Project
    OPEC Fund for International Development
    US$ 13.70 million
    Loan 8235-NEP: Melamchi Water Supply Project
    Nordic Development Fund
    US$ 10.50 million
    Loan: Melamchi Water Supply Project
    MOF, Japan
    US$ 18.00 million
    Japan Bank for International Cooperation (ODA)
    US$ 47.50 million
    Loan 3110-NEP: Melamchi Water Supply Project - Additional Financing
    concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund
    US$ 25.00 million
    Strategic Agendas
    Environmentally sustainable growth
    Inclusive economic growth
    Drivers of Change
    Private sector development
    Sector / Subsector
    Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban water supply

    Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
    Description
    The main objectives of the Project are to alleviate the chronic water shortage in Kathmandu Valley on a sustainable, long-term basis, and to improve the health and well-being of its inhabitants. The Project also seeks to develop a comprehensive institutional framework for urban water management within the valley. The Project comprises (i) infrastructure development; (ii) social and environmental support; (iii) institutional reforms; and (iv) project implementation support.
    Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
    Kathmandu Valley is the country's single largest urban economy and is critical to Nepal's economic growth. Water is central to the well-being of the population and the key to its productive capacities. However, current water services are grossly inadequate and unreliable causing many people to resort to tankers supplies, bottled water, and both deep and shallow wells. The trend has led to serious environmental concerns as shallow wells are becoming increasingly polluted and deep aquifers are being mined to produce additional water. Poor water quality impacts sharply on public health. In terms of access to water (in the dry season) and quality of water, the effects are greatest on the health of the poor. The Project provides the required opportunity to address both the acute socioeconomic distress caused by the lack of adequate safe water to Kathmandu Valley residents, and the institutional challenges to provide water and wastewater management services on a sustainable basis.
    Impact
    Health and well-being of the people in Kathmandu Valley improved.
    Project Outcome
    Description of Outcome Shortage of potable water in Kathmandu Valley alleviated.
    Progress Toward Outcome Development outcome is expected to be achieved as per revised schedule by end of 1st quarter of 2019 - 25,915 m of main diversion, 1457m adit and 204 m of H/W diversion tunnel excavation has already been achieved to off-take water from Melamchi river. At Head Works, Open Cut excavation out of 102,000 cubic metre completed to construct diversion weir, desilting basin etc to divert water to Melamchi-Sundarijal tunnel. 667.3 Km of distribution pipe out of 677 Km inside valley completed while 77 Km Bulk Distribution System pipe (Sundarijal WTP to 10 Reservoirs around valley) laying completed. 9.9 km of BDS line from Sundarijal WTP and Mahankal Chaur Reservoir is also tested. Construction of 10 Reservoirs around the valley ongoing under additional financing are at the verge of completion.
    Implementation Progress
    Description of Project Outputs
    A. Melamchi Valley (Suproject 1)

    A.1. Raw water diverted from Melamchi Valley to Kathmandu Valley by development of infrastructure, i.e. tunnel, road and water treatment plant.

    A.2. Social and Environmental Support provided in Melamchi Valley.

    A.3. Efficient project management established and capacity building attained

    B. Kathmandu Valley Subproject (Subproject 2)

    B.1. Institutional reforms achieved and efficiently operated

    B.2. Water distribution and wastewater system improved by provision of capital works

    B.3. Social and environmental support provided in Kathmandu Valley

    Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
    A. Melamchi Valley (Subproject 1)

    A.1 MWSDB terminated the previous contract for the Melamchi tunnel on 26 September 2012 due to unsatisfactory performance of the then contractor. As of the date of termination, the physical progress (tunnel excavation) was 22% (6.3 km out of 27.5 km. Rebidding for the Melamchi tunnel Contract started in November 2012. MWSDB issued the letter of acceptance to the winning contractor on 21 June 2013, the contract was signed with Cooperativa Muratorie Cementisti di Ravenna (CMC) of Italy on 15 July 2013, and the letter to commence was issued on 1 October 2013. The initial progress of the new contractor of the Melamchi tunnel is encouraging in terms of mobilization of key personnel, equipment, machinery, materials and start-up activities. Advance payment was made to the contractor in October 2013 and steady progress was achieved until the progress was adversely affected by 25 April 2015 Earthquake and short of construction materials and fuel due to closure of southern Border. However, completion of tunnel excavation with cumulative total of 27,576m tunnel length has been achieved as of 12 April 2018. After several backstopping and monitoring from employer and ADB regarding cash flow problem of contractor, the final works on tunnel smoothed and as of 15 September 2018, 13.7 km invert lining is finished with 12.1 km remaining. Works at H/W with alternative diversion pipe and temporary diversion weir as well as vent shaft works are ongoing. It is expected to be completed by 1st quarter of 2018.

    The water Treatment Plant (WTP) to utilize water from Melamchi tunnel has been implemented with JICA funding. MWSDB and the contractor signed the WTP contract on 10 July 2013. WTP is 100% completed and tested.

    Upgrading construction works in UAR 02 were earlier disturbed due to concerns of some local residents. Now, the works of UAR 02 have been completed.

    Construction of 18-km main access road was completed and opened up between Melamchi Pul Bazar and Timbu.

    A.2. Resettlement Plans and Environmental Management Plan (EMP) were prepared and are under implementation for both Subproject 1 and 2 following the split into two distinct subprojects in 2009. Activities undertaken in Subproject 1 (in Melamchi valley) include several activities for social and economic development of the areas in the Melamchi Valley such as (i) construction of health centers and provision of essential drugs; (ii) construction of school buildings and provision of educational kits to schools; and (iii) a forest nursery in Timbu.

    The social uplift program (SUP) under the MWSP is being implemented to promote widespread, ongoing, and meaningful participation of key stakeholders. Compliance with Resettlement Plan and Environmental Management Plan (EMP) is monitored by the MWSDB with support from the design and supervision consultant (DSC). Further, services of a Safeguards and Social Development Support consultant (SSDS) have also been taken for monitoring at a second level. MWSDB has been specifically asked to ensure compliance with effluent discharge standards.

    A.3 MWSDB is the main agency for project management of Melamchi Subproject 1 (Melamchi tunnel construction). Inputs of project management consultant finished. MWSDB is supported by new design and supervision consultant (DSC). Improved coordination and communication among MWSDB, new DSC, the new contractor (CMC), and the safeguards and social development support consultant (SSDS) noted. All the parties are coordinating to improve the pace, quality, safety, and safeguards compliance of the works. The DSC is taking more proactive role and is actively supporting MWSDB to (i) ensure implementation of the agreed action plans, (ii) decide expeditiously the contractual matters such as claims, variations, etc., (iii) ensure coordination with DSC, contractor, local residents, army and other relevant government authorities, and (iv) monitor processing payments to the contractor in a timely manner. Semi-annual safeguard monitoring reports are regularly being submitted and disclosed.

    B. Kathmandu Valley Subproject (Subproject 2)

    B.1. For Subproject 2, a Project Implementation Directorate (PID-KUKL) has been established since 2009 with staffing from Department of Water Supply & Sanitation and KUKL, which has been carrying out the activities of Subproject 2.

    KUKL has recruited capacity building and public-private partnership (CBP) team in November 2010. With support from this team, KUKL is working to achieving the targets of lease and license agreements. KUKL submitted to WSTFC a new proposal for increase in tariff, which was approved by WSTFC on 14 July 2013 with conditions to be fulfilled by KUKL for service improvement. This will help KUKL in improving its operations and service delivery to citizens.

    B.2. Under Subproject 2, distribution network improvement works are expected to reduce water losses, improve service delivery by enhanced hours and higher pressure of water supply for consumers. The PID for Subproject 2 has awarded 47 contracts out of which 39 contracts have been completed and 8 contracts are about to complete. There are no major issues with implementation of this Subproject. Most of the contracts were completed in 2013 and the remaining contracts by are expected to be completed by end of 2018. Advance preparation of designs and bidding documents for the "Kathmandu Valley Water Supply Improvement, Project," (L2776-NEP) enhanced the readiness of the project. The distribution network improvement works in Kathmandu Valley are being carried out with the objectives of reduction of non-revenue water and improvement of service delivery to the citizens.

    B.3. Substantial improvement in water supply is expected after completion of the Melamchi tunnel by 2016. Safeguards unit has been fully staffed with social development officer, environmental officer, and legal officer. This unit is supervising compliance with safeguards of ongoing physical works with support of supervision consultant.

    Resettlement Plan and Environment Management Plan (EMP) have been prepared and are being implemented. Several teams of consultants have been recruited in accordance with staggered schedules. Semiannual safeguard monitoring reports and environmental report are regularly being submitted and disclosed.

    Geographical Location Ambathan, Bagmati Zone, Bansbari, Bhotechaur, Chandeni, Deupur, Gyalthum, Jaisithok, Kabhre Palanchok, Lamidada, MahankalChaur, Manohara, Melamchi, Nakkhu, Phatkeswor, Ribarma, Sagarmatha Zone, Sindhu, Sundarijal, Timbu, Tinkune
    Safeguard Categories
    Environment A
    Involuntary Resettlement A
    Indigenous Peoples C
    Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
    Environmental Aspects Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) studies (2000, 2001, 2002) were carried at the time of approval of the Project. In the earlier phase of implementation, compliance with the requirements was regularly monitored by the consultant CEMAT/Schemes JV in association with EEC who submitted their final Environmental Management Plan (EMP) report in 2009. In December 2009, Safeguard and Social Development Support (SSDS) ICON-CMS JV consultant was mobilized. At the first level, MWSDB and DSC are monitoring compliance with environmental safeguards. As the second level, SSDS consultant is monitoring the compliance with EMP such as monitoring water quality, noise quality and air quality, fish population and diversity assessment, measurement of discharge, staff gauge reading and nursery establishment. Environmental monitoring and reporting is ongoing.
    Involuntary Resettlement Involuntary resettlement follows the requirements of ADB and the Government. ADB Policy and Land Acquisition Act (LAA) 2034 (1977 A.D.) are being complied with, such as the provisions related to compensation standards and benefits, compensation for lost assets at market value, provision for alternative land and compensation for standard crops and trees. MWSDB prepared a Resettlement Policy Framework (RPF), approved by the Cabinet in 2057 (2000 A.D.), to cover resettlement-related needs of Project affected persons (PAPs). The Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) compensation and mitigation measures include the following: compensation upon acquisition of land, crop and trees and house or commercial enterprises, mitigation for the loss of water due to diversion to Melamachi River, displacement allowances, rehabilitation measures, loss of government property, loss of community facilities and resources, community losses, and general counseling. Land acquisition process is completed and resettlement monitoring and reporting is ongoing.
    Indigenous Peoples
    Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
    During Project Design The Project was designed with extensive participation of stakeholders, including beneficiaries, adversely affected people, village development committees and ward representatives, district development committees and municipal officials and representatives, ministries concerned and MWSDB, the private sector, external funding agencies, NGOs, and consultants.
    During Project Implementation The Project is encouraging direct participation of beneficiaries through social uplift program implementation, representation of adversely affected people in the compensation determination committee, and representation of Kathmandu Valley beneficiaries in water users associations. The Project is also undertaking consensus building at all levels on issues such as water services, environmental and social mitigation and compensation, and employment.
    Business Opportunities
    Consulting Services The selection and engagement of all remaining consulting services to be financed by ADB shall be in accordance with the provisions of Schedule 4, Section D, paras. 10 to 12 of the Amended and Restated Loan Agreement and with the ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time) using the quality-and cost-based method.
    Procurement Procurement of all remaining goods and works to be financed out of proceeds of the Loans will be in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time).
    Responsible ADB Officer
    Castro-Wooldridge, Vivian
    Responsible ADB Department
    South Asia Department
    Responsible ADB Division
    Urban Development and Water Division, SARD
    Executing Agencies
    Kathmandu Upatyaka Khanepani Limited (KUKL)
    Tripureshwar, Kathmandu, Nepal
    Melamchi Water Supply Development Board
    H.P. Sharma
    Kathmandu, Nepal
    Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport
    Deep Basnyat
    [email protected]
    Kathmandu, Nepal
    Ministry of Urban Development
    Mr. Kishore Thapa
    Singhadurbar, Kathmandu, Nepal
    Timetable
    Concept Clearance 08 Mar 1999
    Fact Finding 03 Jul 2000 to 24 Jul 2000
    MRM 15 Sep 2000
    Approval 03 Jul 2008
    Last Review Mission -
    PDS Creation Date 12 Feb 2007
    Last PDS Update 25 Sep 2018
    Loan 1820-NEP
    Milestones
    Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
    Original Revised Actual
    21 Dec 2000 24 Jan 2001 28 Nov 2001 31 Mar 2007 30 Jun 2019 -
    Financing Plan Loan Utilization
    Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
    Project Cost 303.50 Cumulative Contract Awards
    ADB 120.00 21 Dec 2000 126.65 0.00 93%
    Counterpart 118.00 Cumulative Disbursements
    Cofinancing 65.50 21 Dec 2000 130.19 0.00 96%
    Category
    Sector
    Safeguards
    Social
    Financial
    Economic
    Others
    Rating
    Satisfactory
    Satisfactory
    Satisfactory
    Satisfactory
    -
    Satisfactory
    Loan 3110-NEP
    Milestones
    Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
    Original Revised Actual
    11 Feb 2014 07 Apr 2014 25 Apr 2014 30 Jun 2017 30 Jun 2019 -
    Financing Plan Loan Utilization
    Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
    Project Cost 38.08 Cumulative Contract Awards
    ADB 25.00 11 Feb 2014 18.24 0.00 81%
    Counterpart 13.08 Cumulative Disbursements
    Cofinancing 0.00 11 Feb 2014 18.28 0.00 81%
    Category
    Sector
    Safeguards
    Social
    Financial
    Economic
    Others
    Rating
    Satisfactory
    Satisfactory
    Satisfactory
    Satisfactory
    -
    Satisfactory
    Loan 8191-NEP
    Milestones
    Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
    Original Revised Actual
    22 Nov 2000 21 Sep 2001 01 Jul 2002 30 Jun 2003 31 Dec 2008 31 Dec 2008
    Financing Plan Loan Utilization
    Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
    Project Cost 13.70 Cumulative Contract Awards
    ADB 0.00 22 Nov 2000 0.00 13.70 100%
    Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
    Cofinancing 13.70 22 Nov 2000 0.00 13.70 100%
    Loan 8235-NEP
    Milestones
    Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
    Original Revised Actual
    03 Jul 2008 03 Jul 2008 03 Jul 2008 31 Jul 2013 30 Sep 2015 11 Nov 2015
    Financing Plan Loan Utilization
    Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
    Project Cost 10.50 Cumulative Contract Awards
    ADB 0.00 03 Jul 2008 0.00 10.06 100%
    Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
    Cofinancing 10.50 03 Jul 2008 0.00 10.06 100%
    Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

    The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

    The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

    In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

    Project Data Sheet Project Name Melamchi Water Supply Project Project Number 31624-023 Country Nepal Project Status Active Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan Source of Funding / Amount Loan 1820-NEP: Melamchi Water Supply Project concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 120.00 million Loan 8191-NEP: Melamchi Water Supply Project OPEC Fund for International Development US$ 13.70 million Loan 8235-NEP: Melamchi Water Supply Project Nordic Development Fund US$ 10.50 million Loan: Melamchi Water Supply Project MOF, Japan US$ 18.00 million Japan Bank for International Cooperation (ODA) US$ 47.50 million Loan 3110-NEP: Melamchi Water Supply Project - Additional Financing concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 25.00 million Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth Inclusive economic growth Drivers of Change Private sector development Sector / Subsector Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban water supply Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Description The main objectives of the Project are to alleviate the chronic water shortage in Kathmandu Valley on a sustainable, long-term basis, and to improve the health and well-being of its inhabitants. The Project also seeks to develop a comprehensive institutional framework for urban water management within the valley. The Project comprises (i) infrastructure development; (ii) social and environmental support; (iii) institutional reforms; and (iv) project implementation support. Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Kathmandu Valley is the country's single largest urban economy and is critical to Nepal's economic growth. Water is central to the well-being of the population and the key to its productive capacities. However, current water services are grossly inadequate and unreliable causing many people to resort to tankers supplies, bottled water, and both deep and shallow wells. The trend has led to serious environmental concerns as shallow wells are becoming increasingly polluted and deep aquifers are being mined to produce additional water. Poor water quality impacts sharply on public health. In terms of access to water (in the dry season) and quality of water, the effects are greatest on the health of the poor. The Project provides the required opportunity to address both the acute socioeconomic distress caused by the lack of adequate safe water to Kathmandu Valley residents, and the institutional challenges to provide water and wastewater management services on a sustainable basis. Impact Health and well-being of the people in Kathmandu Valley improved. Project Outcome Description of Outcome Shortage of potable water in Kathmandu Valley alleviated. Progress Toward Outcome Development outcome is expected to be achieved as per revised schedule by end of 1st quarter of 2019 - 25,915 m of main diversion, 1457m adit and 204 m of H/W diversion tunnel excavation has already been achieved to off-take water from Melamchi river. At Head Works, Open Cut excavation out of 102,000 cubic metre completed to construct diversion weir, desilting basin etc to divert water to Melamchi-Sundarijal tunnel. 667.3 Km of distribution pipe out of 677 Km inside valley completed while 77 Km Bulk Distribution System pipe (Sundarijal WTP to 10 Reservoirs around valley) laying completed. 9.9 km of BDS line from Sundarijal WTP and Mahankal Chaur Reservoir is also tested. Construction of 10 Reservoirs around the valley ongoing under additional financing are at the verge of completion. Implementation Progress Description of Project Outputs A. Melamchi Valley (Suproject 1) A.1. Raw water diverted from Melamchi Valley to Kathmandu Valley by development of infrastructure, i.e. tunnel, road and water treatment plant. A.2. Social and Environmental Support provided in Melamchi Valley. A.3. Efficient project management established and capacity building attained B. Kathmandu Valley Subproject (Subproject 2) B.1. Institutional reforms achieved and efficiently operated B.2. Water distribution and wastewater system improved by provision of capital works B.3. Social and environmental support provided in Kathmandu Valley Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) A. Melamchi Valley (Subproject 1) A.1 MWSDB terminated the previous contract for the Melamchi tunnel on 26 September 2012 due to unsatisfactory performance of the then contractor. As of the date of termination, the physical progress (tunnel excavation) was 22% (6.3 km out of 27.5 km. Rebidding for the Melamchi tunnel Contract started in November 2012. MWSDB issued the letter of acceptance to the winning contractor on 21 June 2013, the contract was signed with Cooperativa Muratorie Cementisti di Ravenna (CMC) of Italy on 15 July 2013, and the letter to commence was issued on 1 October 2013. The initial progress of the new contractor of the Melamchi tunnel is encouraging in terms of mobilization of key personnel, equipment, machinery, materials and start-up activities. Advance payment was made to the contractor in October 2013 and steady progress was achieved until the progress was adversely affected by 25 April 2015 Earthquake and short of construction materials and fuel due to closure of southern Border. However, completion of tunnel excavation with cumulative total of 27,576m tunnel length has been achieved as of 12 April 2018. After several backstopping and monitoring from employer and ADB regarding cash flow problem of contractor, the final works on tunnel smoothed and as of 15 September 2018, 13.7 km invert lining is finished with 12.1 km remaining. Works at H/W with alternative diversion pipe and temporary diversion weir as well as vent shaft works are ongoing. It is expected to be completed by 1st quarter of 2018. The water Treatment Plant (WTP) to utilize water from Melamchi tunnel has been implemented with JICA funding. MWSDB and the contractor signed the WTP contract on 10 July 2013. WTP is 100% completed and tested. Upgrading construction works in UAR 02 were earlier disturbed due to concerns of some local residents. Now, the works of UAR 02 have been completed. Construction of 18-km main access road was completed and opened up between Melamchi Pul Bazar and Timbu. A.2. Resettlement Plans and Environmental Management Plan (EMP) were prepared and are under implementation for both Subproject 1 and 2 following the split into two distinct subprojects in 2009. Activities undertaken in Subproject 1 (in Melamchi valley) include several activities for social and economic development of the areas in the Melamchi Valley such as (i) construction of health centers and provision of essential drugs; (ii) construction of school buildings and provision of educational kits to schools; and (iii) a forest nursery in Timbu. The social uplift program (SUP) under the MWSP is being implemented to promote widespread, ongoing, and meaningful participation of key stakeholders. Compliance with Resettlement Plan and Environmental Management Plan (EMP) is monitored by the MWSDB with support from the design and supervision consultant (DSC). Further, services of a Safeguards and Social Development Support consultant (SSDS) have also been taken for monitoring at a second level. MWSDB has been specifically asked to ensure compliance with effluent discharge standards. A.3 MWSDB is the main agency for project management of Melamchi Subproject 1 (Melamchi tunnel construction). Inputs of project management consultant finished. MWSDB is supported by new design and supervision consultant (DSC). Improved coordination and communication among MWSDB, new DSC, the new contractor (CMC), and the safeguards and social development support consultant (SSDS) noted. All the parties are coordinating to improve the pace, quality, safety, and safeguards compliance of the works. The DSC is taking more proactive role and is actively supporting MWSDB to (i) ensure implementation of the agreed action plans, (ii) decide expeditiously the contractual matters such as claims, variations, etc., (iii) ensure coordination with DSC, contractor, local residents, army and other relevant government authorities, and (iv) monitor processing payments to the contractor in a timely manner. Semi-annual safeguard monitoring reports are regularly being submitted and disclosed. B. Kathmandu Valley Subproject (Subproject 2) B.1. For Subproject 2, a Project Implementation Directorate (PID-KUKL) has been established since 2009 with staffing from Department of Water Supply & Sanitation and KUKL, which has been carrying out the activities of Subproject 2. KUKL has recruited capacity building and public-private partnership (CBP) team in November 2010. With support from this team, KUKL is working to achieving the targets of lease and license agreements. KUKL submitted to WSTFC a new proposal for increase in tariff, which was approved by WSTFC on 14 July 2013 with conditions to be fulfilled by KUKL for service improvement. This will help KUKL in improving its operations and service delivery to citizens. B.2. Under Subproject 2, distribution network improvement works are expected to reduce water losses, improve service delivery by enhanced hours and higher pressure of water supply for consumers. The PID for Subproject 2 has awarded 47 contracts out of which 39 contracts have been completed and 8 contracts are about to complete. There are no major issues with implementation of this Subproject. Most of the contracts were completed in 2013 and the remaining contracts by are expected to be completed by end of 2018. Advance preparation of designs and bidding documents for the "Kathmandu Valley Water Supply Improvement, Project," (L2776-NEP) enhanced the readiness of the project. The distribution network improvement works in Kathmandu Valley are being carried out with the objectives of reduction of non-revenue water and improvement of service delivery to the citizens. B.3. Substantial improvement in water supply is expected after completion of the Melamchi tunnel by 2016. Safeguards unit has been fully staffed with social development officer, environmental officer, and legal officer. This unit is supervising compliance with safeguards of ongoing physical works with support of supervision consultant. Resettlement Plan and Environment Management Plan (EMP) have been prepared and are being implemented. Several teams of consultants have been recruited in accordance with staggered schedules. Semiannual safeguard monitoring reports and environmental report are regularly being submitted and disclosed. Geographical Location Ambathan, Bagmati Zone, Bansbari, Bhotechaur, Chandeni, Deupur, Gyalthum, Jaisithok, Kabhre Palanchok, Lamidada, MahankalChaur, Manohara, Melamchi, Nakkhu, Phatkeswor, Ribarma, Sagarmatha Zone, Sindhu, Sundarijal, Timbu, Tinkune Safeguard Categories Environment A Involuntary Resettlement A Indigenous Peoples C Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects Environmental Aspects Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) studies (2000, 2001, 2002) were carried at the time of approval of the Project. In the earlier phase of implementation, compliance with the requirements was regularly monitored by the consultant CEMAT/Schemes JV in association with EEC who submitted their final Environmental Management Plan (EMP) report in 2009. In December 2009, Safeguard and Social Development Support (SSDS) ICON-CMS JV consultant was mobilized. At the first level, MWSDB and DSC are monitoring compliance with environmental safeguards. As the second level, SSDS consultant is monitoring the compliance with EMP such as monitoring water quality, noise quality and air quality, fish population and diversity assessment, measurement of discharge, staff gauge reading and nursery establishment. Environmental monitoring and reporting is ongoing. Involuntary Resettlement Involuntary resettlement follows the requirements of ADB and the Government. ADB Policy and Land Acquisition Act (LAA) 2034 (1977 A.D.) are being complied with, such as the provisions related to compensation standards and benefits, compensation for lost assets at market value, provision for alternative land and compensation for standard crops and trees. MWSDB prepared a Resettlement Policy Framework (RPF), approved by the Cabinet in 2057 (2000 A.D.), to cover resettlement-related needs of Project affected persons (PAPs). The Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) compensation and mitigation measures include the following: compensation upon acquisition of land, crop and trees and house or commercial enterprises, mitigation for the loss of water due to diversion to Melamachi River, displacement allowances, rehabilitation measures, loss of government property, loss of community facilities and resources, community losses, and general counseling. Land acquisition process is completed and resettlement monitoring and reporting is ongoing. Indigenous Peoples Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation During Project Design The Project was designed with extensive participation of stakeholders, including beneficiaries, adversely affected people, village development committees and ward representatives, district development committees and municipal officials and representatives, ministries concerned and MWSDB, the private sector, external funding agencies, NGOs, and consultants. During Project Implementation The Project is encouraging direct participation of beneficiaries through social uplift program implementation, representation of adversely affected people in the compensation determination committee, and representation of Kathmandu Valley beneficiaries in water users associations. The Project is also undertaking consensus building at all levels on issues such as water services, environmental and social mitigation and compensation, and employment. Business Opportunities Consulting Services The selection and engagement of all remaining consulting services to be financed by ADB shall be in accordance with the provisions of Schedule 4, Section D, paras. 10 to 12 of the Amended and Restated Loan Agreement and with the ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time) using the quality-and cost-based method. Procurement Procurement of all remaining goods and works to be financed out of proceeds of the Loans will be in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time). Responsible ADB Officer Castro-Wooldridge, Vivian Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, SARD Executing Agencies Kathmandu Upatyaka Khanepani Limited (KUKL) Tripureshwar, Kathmandu, Nepal Melamchi Water Supply Development Board H.P. Sharma Kathmandu, Nepal Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport Deep Basnyat [email protected] Kathmandu, Nepal Ministry of Urban Development Mr. Kishore Thapa Singhadurbar, Kathmandu, Nepal Timetable Concept Clearance 08 Mar 1999 Fact Finding 03 Jul 2000 to 24 Jul 2000 MRM 15 Sep 2000 Approval 03 Jul 2008 Last Review Mission - PDS Creation Date 12 Feb 2007 Last PDS Update 25 Sep 2018 Loan 1820-NEP Milestones Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing Original Revised Actual 21 Dec 2000 24 Jan 2001 28 Nov 2001 31 Mar 2007 30 Jun 2019 - Financing Plan Loan Utilization Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage Project Cost 303.50 Cumulative Contract Awards ADB 120.00 21 Dec 2000 126.65 0.00 93% Counterpart 118.00 Cumulative Disbursements Cofinancing 65.50 21 Dec 2000 130.19 0.00 96% Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory Loan 3110-NEP Milestones Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing Original Revised Actual 11 Feb 2014 07 Apr 2014 25 Apr 2014 30 Jun 2017 30 Jun 2019 - Financing Plan Loan Utilization Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage Project Cost 38.08 Cumulative Contract Awards ADB 25.00 11 Feb 2014 18.24 0.00 81% Counterpart 13.08 Cumulative Disbursements Cofinancing 0.00 11 Feb 2014 18.28 0.00 81% Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory Loan 8191-NEP Milestones Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing Original Revised Actual 22 Nov 2000 21 Sep 2001 01 Jul 2002 30 Jun 2003 31 Dec 2008 31 Dec 2008 Financing Plan Loan Utilization Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage Project Cost 13.70 Cumulative Contract Awards ADB 0.00 22 Nov 2000 0.00 13.70 100% Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements Cofinancing 13.70 22 Nov 2000 0.00 13.70 100% Loan 8235-NEP Milestones Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing Original Revised Actual 03 Jul 2008 03 Jul 2008 03 Jul 2008 31 Jul 2013 30 Sep 2015 11 Nov 2015 Financing Plan Loan Utilization Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage Project Cost 10.50 Cumulative Contract Awards ADB 0.00 03 Jul 2008 0.00 10.06 100% Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements Cofinancing 10.50 03 Jul 2008 0.00 10.06 100% Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative. The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced. The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures. In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
    12
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  • over different periods of time, in as yet unexplored locations. He noted that no transition site had been found documenting the shift from what he termed immediate and delayed return social systems. He noted that the full range of domesticated animals (goats, sheep, cattle and pigs) were not found until the sixth millennium at Tell Ramad. Hole concluded that "close attention should be paid in future investigations to the western margins of the Euphrates basin, perhaps as far south as the Arabian Peninsula, especially where wadis carrying Pleistocene rainfall runoff flowed."[26]
    over different periods of time, in as yet unexplored locations. He noted that no transition site had been found documenting the shift from what he termed immediate and delayed return social systems. He noted that the full range of domesticated animals (goats, sheep, cattle and pigs) were not found until the sixth millennium at Tell Ramad. Hole concluded that "close attention should be paid in future investigations to the western margins of the Euphrates basin, perhaps as far south as the Arabian Peninsula, especially where wadis carrying Pleistocene rainfall runoff flowed."[26]
    1
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  • The Demographic theories proposed by Carl Sauer[19] and adapted by Lewis Binford[20] and Kent Flannery posit an increasingly sedentary population that expanded up to the carrying capacity of the local environment and required more food than could be gathered.
    The Demographic theories proposed by Carl Sauer[19] and adapted by Lewis Binford[20] and Kent Flannery posit an increasingly sedentary population that expanded up to the carrying capacity of the local environment and required more food than could be gathered.
    1
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  • he Demographic theories proposed by Carl Sauer[19] and adapted by Lewis Binford[20] and Kent Flannery posit an increasingly sedentary population that expanded up to the carrying capacity of the local environment and required more food than could be gathered. Various social and economic factors helped drive the need for food.
    he Demographic theories proposed by Carl Sauer[19] and adapted by Lewis Binford[20] and Kent Flannery posit an increasingly sedentary population that expanded up to the carrying capacity of the local environment and required more food than could be gathered. Various social and economic factors helped drive the need for food.
    2
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  • sedentary population that expanded up to the carrying capacity of the local environment and required more food than could be gathered.
    sedentary population that expanded up to the carrying capacity of the local environment and required more food than could be gathered.
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  • . Another larger mission under***** Xuance sent in 647-8 was robbed of the gifts they were carrying; some of the emissaries were killed, others put in prison. Narendradeva sent 7,000 troops with their allies, the Tibetans, attacked Kanauj, the Gupta capital, captured the usurper, Arjuna, and his family, and sent them as a captives to China.[8] This was the last known official contact between China and India until the 13th century[9] and so, the following account of Nepal from the Tang Annals, most probably dates to information brought back about that time:
    . Another larger mission under Wang Xuance sent in 647-8 was robbed of the gifts they were carrying; some of the emissaries were killed, others put in prison. Narendradeva sent 7,000 troops with their allies, the Tibetans, attacked Kanauj, the Gupta capital, captured the usurper, Arjuna, and his family, and sent them as a captives to China.[8] This was the last known official contact between China and India until the 13th century[9] and so, the following account of Nepal from the Tang Annals, most probably dates to information brought back about that time:
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  • Donisha Prendergast (in orange jacket) with the kids from Dharavi

    CARRYING FORWARD A LEGACY
    Donisha is carrying forward her illustrious grandfather Bob Marley’s legacy as a musician as well as a Rastafarian (Rastafari is an Abrahamic religion that developed in Jamaica during the 1930s.) She admits that it gets taxing due to constant travelling and she misses out on family time as well as important occasions. “At the same time, I don’t think I’d want to be giving my youth to anything else at this point. I don’t aspire to do things that the society expects of me. I’m not waiting to be successful because we already are when it comes to practising greater humanity. That’s success as far as I am concerned,” the 34-year-old artiste adds. Ask her what her favourite song by Bob is and she instantly sings, “Get up, stand up, stand up for your rights...”, the song by the same name from the 1973 album Burnin’. Africa Unite (Survival, 1979) is another track that she likes, both in line with the philosophy of reggae.
    Donisha Prendergast (in orange jacket) with the kids from Dharavi CARRYING FORWARD A LEGACY Donisha is carrying forward her illustrious grandfather Bob Marley’s legacy as a musician as well as a Rastafarian (Rastafari is an Abrahamic religion that developed in Jamaica during the 1930s.) She admits that it gets taxing due to constant travelling and she misses out on family time as well as important occasions. “At the same time, I don’t think I’d want to be giving my youth to anything else at this point. I don’t aspire to do things that the society expects of me. I’m not waiting to be successful because we already are when it comes to practising greater humanity. That’s success as far as I am concerned,” the 34-year-old artiste adds. Ask her what her favourite song by Bob is and she instantly sings, “Get up, stand up, stand up for your rights...”, the song by the same name from the 1973 album Burnin’. Africa Unite (Survival, 1979) is another track that she likes, both in line with the philosophy of reggae.
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