What is a hard water?

Hard water, soft water, hard water ... surely these are terms that you have heard more than once.

From a hydrochemical point of view, hardness is nothing more than the amount of  dissolved calcium and magnesium salts in  water. In a more technical way, it is defined as the concentration of mineral compounds of polyvalent cations that are in a certain amount of water.

Therefore, the  difference between hard and soft water  depends on the amount of lime and minerals each contains. A soft water is not very concentrated, while a hard water contains high levels of mineral salts. Mainly, the level of hardness of the water will depend on the geological nature of the soil and the geographical area from which it comes.

How does hard water affect the home or office?

High levels of hardness in water can cause complications in the home or office, as well as noticeable changes in the taste of drinking water. There are various processes to soften the water such as softeners, filters and, in regions where the water is very hard, a reverse osmosis system helps to soften the water.

Hard water in electrical appliances : Excess lime in the water, that is, when the water is very hard, can cause problems in the operation of electrical appliances, shortening their useful life. In the case of the washing machine and vertical multistage pump price the dishwasher, it is necessary to use more soap because hard water causes less foam to be generated than with soft water.

Modified water taste:  Why does water taste bad in some places? The hardness of the water is capable of modifying the taste of it. Hard water, with a high presence of calcium and magnesium salts, will have a different taste than in soft water regions. If you find the taste of tap water strong or unpleasant, the area where you live or work may have hard water. The best option to improve the taste of tap water is by installing an Aqualogic water dispenser that will also help improve its quality by obtaining a purer and healthier water.

Obstruction and oxidation of pipes:  Another problem with hard water is the accumulation of lime in pipes. Excess encrusted scale can cause severe blockages, overpressures, flow losses and oxidation.

Types of water

Depending on the amount of mineral concentration in the water, these divisions can be established:

Are there alternatives to soften the water without polluting or spending a lot?

As we have commented, hard water is the main responsible for giving the water flavor and in many cases an unpleasant taste.

There are alternatives for not having to drink this type of water, the best known is the purchase of mineral water bottles, however this pollutes the environment and can also be very expensive economically.

From  Aqualogic Peru we  recommend the installation of  water sources based on the reverse osmosis system , a very economical method that in the long run will save you a lot of money and will ensure the best quality in the water you drink with a high degree of purity.

These are the advantages of reverse osmosis water sources:

Improved water taste by decreasing water hardness

Retention of chemical compounds, microorganisms and bacteria

Cold, hot and ambient water at will

Long-term financial savings

Here is a table with all the chemical compounds, particles and microorganisms that are retained thanks to reverse osmosis: